Sunday, January 24, 2021
Home Business European Union Plans Clean Hydrogen for Air, Sea & Land Transport

European Union Plans Clean Hydrogen for Air, Sea & Land Transport

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SOUTH KOREA, SEOUL, July 10 – European Union on Wednesday, July, 8th unveiled a plan to develop clean hydrogen trains with the aim of decarbonizing the most polluting sectors such as the steel and transport industries, in the race towards climate neutrality in 2050.

“This is the key to a strong, competitive, and carbon-free European economy,” said European Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans at a press conference.

The Commission believes that “clean” hydrogen should help sectors that are struggling to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

It involves replacing fossil fuels in industry, in particular for the production of steel, using it as fuel for air and sea transport, heavy goods vehicles, but also for batteries.

It has made it a priority investment for the transition and revival of its economy after the coronavirus crisis.

The energy sector is currently responsible for 75% of EU greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon Neutral Aircraft

The current production and consumption of hydrogen in the European Union amounts to 9.8 million tonnes, largely from fossil fuels. Or a tiny part of European energy consumption, but which the Commission sees rising to 14% in 2050 in its “clean” form.

Produced by electrolysis of water with electricity from renewable sources.

Initially, the Commission wishes to support the installation of SIX Gigawatts of renewable hydrogen electrolyzers, and production of up to one million tonnes of renewable hydrogen, before a gradual increase for large-scale development scale between 2030 and 2050.

” We are the world leaders in this technology and we want to stay ahead but we have to make an extra effort because the rest of the world is catching up with us quickly”, warned Frans Timmermans.

Within the European Union, Germany announced at the beginning of June a massive investment of 9 billion euros, with the ambition of becoming the “number one supplier and producer” of hydrogen in the world.

France will devote 1.5 billion euros over three years to “achieve a carbon-neutral aircraft in 2035“.

“Germany has an interest in pushing the dossier because it has potential champions to create a large industrial sector for green hydrogen,” notes Clement Le Roy, an Energy analyst at Wavestone.

Clean hydrogen must participate in the establishment of a better-integrated energy system in Europe, an objective which was also the subject of a new “strategy” published on Wednesday.

The Commission wants to develop a more “circular system”, focused on energy efficiency and electrification. For example by reusing waste heat from industrial sites or data centers, or by accelerating the transition to electric vehicles.

Always The Gas

For the European Federation for Transport and Environment (NGO), “the European Union is right to give priority to hydrogen in transport where there is no alternative to decarbonize”. But like other environmentalists, she is worried about the role of gas.

The European Commission believes that in the first years, a “transition period” will be necessary to ensure stable production and competitive prices. During this period, other hydrogen production processes, which emit carbon, will be maintained but mitigated by carbon capture techniques.

“The Commission has fallen into the trap of the fossil fuel industry. It offers a new lifeline to this bankrupt industry,” deplored Tara Connolly of Friends of the Earth.

At the end of June, a large coalition of industrialists – ExxonMobil, GE, ENI, Equinor or Erdgas – advocated for the production of hydrogen using natural gas, accompanied by carbon capture technologies, “necessary to make the uses of hydrogen cost-competitive”.

“Today, it is 2 to 5 times cheaper than renewable hydrogen and its deployment will help reduce the cost of the latter,” they argued.

For Lisa Fischer of the E3G think tank, the Commission forgets that “if we want green hydrogen, we are going to need much more renewable energy than what we currently produce”, she believes.

WORLDWIDE CONFIRMED COVID-19 CASES

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Total Cases

43,405,696

Total Deaths

1,159,835

Total Recovered

31,935,211

Country/Region
Confirmed cases
Deaths
Recovered
Active cases
USA
25,670,269
428,880
15,379,361
9,862,028
India
10,668,356
153,503
10,328,738
186,115
Brazil
8,816,254
216,475
7,628,438
971,341
Russia
3,719,400
69,462
3,131,760
518,178
UK
3,647,463
97,939
1,631,400
1,918,124
France
3,053,617
73,049
216,965
2,763,603
Spain
2,603,472
55,441
0
2,548,031
Italy
2,466,813
85,461
1,882,074
499,278
Turkey
2,429,605
25,073
2,307,721
96,811
Germany
2,147,693
52,777
1,807,500
287,416
Colombia
2,002,969
50,982
1,822,309
129,678
Argentina
1,862,192
46,737
1,646,668
168,787
Mexico
1,752,347
149,084
1,306,138
297,125
Poland
1,475,445
35,363
1,230,446
209,636
South Africa
1,404,839
40,574
1,217,492
146,773
Iran
1,372,977
57,383
1,164,794
150,800
Ukraine
1,191,812
21,861
947,514
222,437
Peru
1,093,938
39,608
1,007,748
46,582
Indonesia
989,262
27,835
798,810
162,617
Netherlands
948,933
13,540
0
935,393
Czechia
937,617
15,369
814,903
107,345
Canada
746,660
19,067
663,799
63,794
Romania
711,010
17,776
653,125
40,109
Chile
699,110
17,933
654,101
27,076
Belgium
691,854
20,726
47,963
623,165
Portugal
636,190
10,469
456,491
169,230
Iraq
613,763
12,993
581,542
19,228
Israel
596,733
4,392
522,368
69,973
Sweden
547,166
11,005
0
536,161
Pakistan
532,412
11,295
486,489
34,628
Bangladesh
531,799
8,023
476,413
47,363
Philippines
513,619
10,242
475,612
27,765
Switzerland
509,279
9,065
317,600
182,614
Morocco
466,289
8,150
442,441
15,698
Austria
404,714
7,418
381,654
15,642
Serbia
383,603
3,886
31,536
348,181
Saudi Arabia
366,371
6,352
357,939
2,080
Hungary
359,574
11,968
241,472
106,134
Japan
356,074
4,935
285,522
65,617
Jordan
319,519
4,217
306,246
9,056
Panama
309,851
5,034
256,597
48,220
Lebanon
279,597
2,320
165,729
111,548
UAE
277,955
792
251,484
25,679
Nepal
269,450
2,001
264,137
3,312
Georgia
253,518
3,055
242,085
8,378
Ecuador
241,292
14,623
204,071
22,598
Belarus
237,611
1,649
223,553
12,409
Slovakia
236,476
4,068
189,959
42,449
Azerbaijan
228,975
3,082
220,292
5,601
Croatia
228,920
4,827
221,097
2,996
Bulgaria
214,696
8,811
178,888
26,997
Dominican Republic
203,946
2,531
147,886
53,529
Bolivia
199,989
9,927
149,895
40,167
Tunisia
197,373
6,234
144,657
46,482
Denmark
194,671
1,983
180,125
12,563
Costa Rica
189,308
2,518
146,448
40,342
Ireland
187,554
2,970
23,364
161,220
Malaysia
183,801
678
141,446
41,677
Kazakhstan
176,974
2,403
159,486
15,085
Lithuania
176,624
2,649
119,085
54,890
Armenia
166,036
3,039
154,708
8,289
Kuwait
161,285
952
154,253
6,080
Egypt
161,143
8,902
126,176
26,065
Slovenia
157,830
3,360
135,993
18,477
Moldova
156,202
3,361
146,948
5,893
Palestine
155,414
1,791
144,910
8,713
Guatemala
153,890
5,456
137,711
10,723
Greece
151,980
5,646
140,398
5,936
Qatar
149,019
248
144,858
3,913
Honduras
140,238
3,441
60,448
76,349
Myanmar
137,574
3,062
121,558
12,954
Ethiopia
133,767
2,066
119,416
12,285
Oman
133,044
1,521
126,262
5,261
Paraguay
127,081
2,607
102,344
22,130
Venezuela
123,245
1,142
115,426
6,677
Nigeria
120,602
1,502
95,901
23,199
Bosnia
119,420
4,555
90,691
24,174
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
113,688
1,763
92,250
19,675
Algeria
105,369
2,861
71,755
30,753
Kenya
99,983
1,744
82,969
15,270
Bahrain
99,817
367
96,532
2,918
Macedonia
90,654
2,785
78,154
9,715
China
88,991
4,635
82,556
1,800
Kyrgyzstan
83,900
1,400
79,927
2,573
Uzbekistan
78,375
621
76,815
939
S. Korea
75,084
1,349
62,530
11,205
Albania
71,441
1,310
43,384
26,747
Latvia
61,008
1,111
48,134
11,763
Norway
60,957
544
49,835
10,578
Ghana
60,115
361
56,955
2,799
Singapore
59,308
29
59,041
238
Sri Lanka
58,430
280
49,684
8,466
Montenegro
57,929
766
49,150
8,013
Afghanistan
54,672
2,385
47,298
4,989
El Salvador
53,218
1,561
46,845
4,812
Luxembourg
49,581
564
46,656
2,361
Zambia
45,337
639
35,960
8,738
Finland
42,580
644
31,000
10,936
Estonia
40,716
376
30,010
10,330
Uganda
39,044
317
13,861
24,866
Uruguay
36,967
367
28,547
8,053
Namibia
32,425
319
30,020
2,086
Mozambique
31,628
297
20,002
11,329
Zimbabwe
31,007
974
21,377
8,656
Cyprus
29,887
183
2,057
27,647
Cameroon
29,617
462
28,045
1,110
Australia
28,766
909
25,985
1,872
Côte d'Ivoire
26,612
145
24,595
1,872
Sudan
26,279
1,603
15,688
8,988
Senegal
24,727
575
20,476
3,676
DRC
21,869
661
14,905
6,303
Cuba
21,261
194
16,387
4,680
Botswana
19,654
105
15,911
3,638
Malawi
19,395
508
6,699
12,188
Angola
19,367
457
17,249
1,661
Madagascar
18,301
273
17,609
419
French Polynesia
17,852
128
4,842
12,882
Malta
16,658
251
13,801
2,606
Mauritania
16,357
416
15,127
814
French Guiana
15,664
76
9,995
5,593
Maldives
14,993
51
13,849
1,093
Jamaica
14,772
336
11,850
2,586
Swaziland
14,330
458
9,102
4,770
Guinea
14,319
81
13,694
544
Syrian Arab Republic
13,557
879
6,989
5,689
Thailand
13,500
73
10,567
2,860
Cabo Verde
13,414
124
12,646
644
Tajikistan
13,308
90
13,218
0
Rwanda
12,647
172
8,319
4,156
Belize
11,722
290
11,050
382
Haiti
11,099
243
8,982
1,874
Gabon
10,278
67
9,902
309
Hong Kong
10,086
169
9,033
884
Burkina Faso
9,967
109
7,988
1,870
Réunion
9,701
45
9,261
395
Andorra
9,499
96
8,588
815
Guadeloupe
8,980
154
2,242
6,584
Bahamas
8,101
175
6,720
1,206
Suriname
8,000
148
7,139
713
Mali
7,983
323
5,717
1,943
Congo
7,794
117
5,846
1,831
Lesotho
7,656
123
2,168
5,365
Trinidad and Tobago
7,462
134
7,002
326
Mayotte
7,250
58
2,964
4,228
Guyana
7,222
170
6,361
691
Aruba
6,723
56
6,240
427
Martinique
6,327
44
98
6,185
Nicaragua
6,204
168
4,225
1,811
Iceland
5,981
29
5,868
84
Djibouti
5,919
61
5,837
21
Equatorial Guinea
5,401
86
5,197
118
Central African Republic
4,974
63
4,885
26
Somalia
4,754
130
3,666
958
Togo
4,636
74
3,976
586
Curaçao
4,543
20
4,419
104
Niger
4,321
151
3,436
734
Gibraltar
3,966
63
3,276
627
Gambia
3,958
128
3,703
127
South Sudan
3,788
64
3,542
182
Benin
3,643
48
3,317
278
Channel Islands
3,463
79
3,186
198
Chad
3,137
115
2,240
782
Sierra Leone
3,120
77
2,187
856
San Marino
2,874
65
2,615
194
Guinea-Bissau
2,532
45
2,421
66
Liechtenstein
2,437
52
2,322
63
New Zealand
2,283
25
2,179
79
Comoros
2,260
70
1,315
875
Yemen
2,118
615
1,423
80
Eritrea
1,940
6
1,304
630
Liberia
1,914
84
1,714
116
Sint Maarten
1,724
27
1,564
133
Mongolia
1,627
2
1,149
476
Vietnam
1,548
35
1,411
102
Burundi
1,472
2
773
697
Monaco
1,357
9
1,121
227
Barbados
1,341
9
622
710
Turks and Caicos Islands
1,287
7
998
282
Sao Tome and Principe
1,188
17
997
174
Saint Martin
1,146
12
1,006
128
Seychelles
1,033
3
681
349
Taiwan
889
7
787
95
Bhutan
855
1
725
129
Papua New Guinea
835
9
790
36
Saint Lucia
810
11
424
375
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
720
2
134
584
Diamond Princess
712
13
699
0
Bermuda
686
12
625
49
Faroe Islands
652
1
644
7
Mauritius
556
10
518
28
Tanzania
509
21
183
305
Cambodia
458
0
405
53
Isle of Man
432
25
364
43
Cayman Islands
383
2
346
35
Caribbean Netherlands
360
3
244
113
St. Barth
300
1
204
95
Antigua and Barbuda
195
6
162
27
Brunei
175
3
169
3
Grenada
147
1
135
11
British Virgin Islands
114
1
95
18
Dominica
113
0
105
8
Timor-Leste
67
0
50
17
Fiji
55
2
53
0
Macao
47
0
46
1
New Caledonia
44
0
43
1
Lao People's Democratic Republic
41
0
41
0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
35
0
29
6
Saint Kitts and Nevis
35
0
33
2
Greenland
30
0
30
0
Holy See (Vatican City State)
27
0
15
12
Solomon Islands
17
0
10
7
Saint Pierre Miquelon
16
0
16
0
Anguilla
15
0
15
0
Montserrat
13
1
12
0
Western Sahara
10
1
8
1
MS Zaandam
9
2
7
0
Wallis and Futuna
4
0
4
0
Marshall Islands
4
0
4
0
Samoa
2
0
2
0
Micronesia
1
0
0
1
Vanuatu
1
0
1
0
Updated on January 24, 2021 9:23 pm

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